Raccoon rabies is found throughout the Atlantic and southeastern states. This is handled on a case-by-case basis, thinking about the time since vaccination, the number of vaccines the dog has had in the past and other things that might influence protection. Consult your veterinarian about vaccination or farm animals. Vaccination is highly effective but not 100% protective. Pet owners must always be vigilant for neurologic signs in their animals that may be consistent with rabies. If the dog gets a rabies shot within 7 days of the bite, it gets a 3 month PCP. Information is included on rabies basics; prevention; and more. Without a booster, a 6 month PCP is used. The disease often spreads to other wildlife and pets, making human exposure a real concern. A healthy dog, cat, or ferret that bites a person should be confined and observed daily for 10 days. Do not allow bats to live in your house attic or chimney. If a Dog Bites You, Do These 7 Things Now. The vaccinated dogs developed autoantibodies to their own DNA. The treatment, when needed, consists of injections of rabies immune globulin on the first day and 5 vaccine doses in the arm over a 28 day period. This fact sheet was developed by Dr. Maria Correa-Prisant, Public Health Epidemiology, 4700 Hillsborough St., College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27606. If you are bitten or scratched by a suspect rabid animal, or saliva from the animal enters an open wound, or becomes in contact with your nose, mouth, or eyes, wash the wound or contact area with soap and water, call your physician or the health department and get medical attention immediately. If your pet is not vaccinated, and the attacking animal was rabid, your pet may be disposed of as required by law. Vaccination of dogs and cats is required by law. If not, it’s 6 months. If your dog or cat fights with a raccoon or any other rabies carrier, saliva with the virus could be present in the wound or in the coat of your pet. Handle your pet with care: cover the pet with a towel, use gloves to handle the animal, minimize the number of people handling the pet, call animal control, and take your pet to the veterinarian. The rabies virus infects the central nervous system; ultimately causing disease in the brain and death. However, if you are interested in vaccination, consult your physician. The incubation period for the disease is variable: between 2 weeks and 6 months. Changes in behavior are common in rabid animals: nocturnal animals are seen during the day, animals are not afraid from humans, become aggressive, attack other animals or people without provocation, may have paralysis of the limbs or throat, or just lay down. if the dog or cat was infective at the time of the bite, signs of rabies in the animal will usually follow rather quickly and certainly within 10 days. This could be a deadly situation." ), Worms & Germs Blog is an educational website coordinated by Drs. The raccoon bit her dog and attacked her cat. Do not feed or attract wild life to your yard, or try to capture wildlife. Vaccination of dogs and cats is required by law. One variable here is whether the offending animal is available for testing. But for deeper wounds and those from strange dogs, it might be time for a trip to the ER. Dry the wound and cover it with a sterile dressing. All dogs or cats that bite a person will be quarantined for 10 days. Since you can’t guarantee a vaccinated dog doesn’t have rabies, even vaccinated dogs may be placed under a 10-day observation period. Wash the wound with soap and water under pressure from a faucet for at least 5 minutes. Raccoon rabies spreads rapidly and infects large numbers of raccoons. If you notice anything abnormal with your dog after he or she is vaccinated … If your pet has been vaccinated against rabies, he/she will need a booster shot which should be given within five days of the bite. If your dog or cat fights with a raccoon or any other rabies carrier, saliva with the virus could be present in the wound or in the coat of your pet. Handle your pet with care: cover the pet with a towel, use gloves to handle the animal, … If the dog was full vaccinated, according to the intervals specified by the vaccine manufacturer, and is not overdue for a booster: If the dog received an initial rabies vaccine but is not yet due for its first booster (i.e. He also might react aggressively to other dogs, and I mean all other dogs, not just the one who bit him. Rabies is almost always fatal once symptoms occur. Scenario 2: A dog is bitten by a raccoon (or other potentially rabid animal). Raccoon dogs, also known as tanukis are apart of the canid family. A Rabies booster, even though he is already vaccinated, is usually a good idea though after a bite from a wild animal. In a large proportion of cases the offending animal is not available for testing, and the rabies status of the animal is never known at the time of the bite. What should I do if I am exposed to rabies? Call animal control or animal damage control personnel, if you suspect that there is a rabid animal in your yard. Who can get rabies? Any mammal can get rabies, including humans, dogs, cats, cows, and horses. If the bite or scratch is bleeding, apply pressure to it with a clean bandage or towel to stop the bleeding. If a booster isn’t given within 7 days, then the dog gets a 3 month precautionary confinement period (PCP). The key is getting to booster done within 7 days. Rabies is a preventable viral disease of mammals usually transmitted through the bite of an infected animal. The AVMA has published a nice page on their website, entitled “What to expect after your pet’s vaccination“. "Maybe that bite is not that bad so a [doctor] is not seen. In the United States, there have been more cases of rabies in cats than in dogs in recent years. Keep your pets indoors and maintain the vaccinations current. The dog still requires a rabies booster is given within 7 days of the bite. For repeat dog bite, only two doses of anti rabies Vaccine are to be given on day 0 and 3, whatever is the interval from primary vaccination. Unlike scenario 1, the goal here isn’t to see if the dog was incubating rabies virus when it was bitten. That doesn’t have any impact. Their skulls are small, but sturdily built and moderately elongated, with narrow zygomatic arches.The projections of the skull are well-developed, the sagittal crest being particularly prominent in old animals. The incubation period for rabies in dogs can be long (months) so the quarantine/observation period has to be longer. Dog Scratched By Raccoon. Troy Madsen takes us step by step—from what you should do after being bitten to when you should be worried about rabies. One out of every five of those bites causes an injury that requires medical attention, according to the Centers for Disease Control. On Thursday he can't sleep or eat and he is starting to hallucinate. What if the dog was vaccinated against rabies? Based on the nature of rabies virus infection, by the time a dog is. The first step is to perform a risk assessment to determine the likelihood that the offending animal transmitted rabies to the dog. That’s particularly true with puppies (who are more likely to be unvaccinated), where long confinement periods can be very difficult and impact socialization. Same as for fully vaccinated dogs. Physical Address: 2 West Edenton Street, Raleigh, NC 27601 Absolutely!!! Veterinary Public Health Information ), or from close contact with other infected animals. Ten years is the presumed duration, one has sufficient immunity. Raccoon dog skulls greatly resemble those of South American foxes, particularly crab-eating foxes, though genetic studies reveal they are not closely related. Disease Diagnostic Laboratory System. This fact sheet was reviewed by Dr. Lee Hunter, North Carolina State Public Health Veterinarian. For dogs you know, a dog bite should be treated like a laceration and watched for signs of infection. Cats and dogs that spend time outdoors may have more risk of coming into contact with a rabid wild animal, but it is important to also vaccinate pets that stay indoors. (Note: These rules are for. Animal controllers are trained and equipped to deal with rabid animals. Scenario 2: A dog is bitten by a raccoon (or other potentially rabid animal) Confinement should be performed in coordination with public health authorities. The patient's risk of infection with rabies virus must be addressed immediately. If your pet is vaccinated but has not received the booster within 5 days of the incident, unless the attacking animal tests negative, your pet will be quarantined for 6 months or disposed of by animal control. Dr. Patricia Jordan sent us an interesting link. If the raccoon eluded capture, or if captured and found to be rabid, then I … That doesn’t have any impact. If your dog has received a rabies vaccine, you won’t have to worry about a raccoon bite too much. Don’t forget, all dogs, cats and ferrets over 3 months of age in Southern Ontario are legally required to be fully vaccinated for rabies at all times. Dogs can also experience soreness after their injection, or develop localized swelling where the injection was given. If the offending racoon has been captured or killed, it will need to be sent to a lab which can examine the brain for rabies. "And while they are too small to be dangerous, they can bite and scratch." This should have sounded some pretty serious alarms! Dog bites should be treated immediately to reduce risk for infection. Usually, the response is a booster within 7 days and a 3 month PCP. The owned dog or cat need not be euthanized (humanely killed) until the first clinical sign of rabies appears. Children are also more likely than adults to be injured by a dog bite. Definitely see your vet. The best protection against rabies is vaccination of pets and avoidance of risk. You are responsible for the cost of the quarantine and this must be done at a veterinarian's clinic. kept in a room with a closed door in a house with a closed door). In this case, it’s imperative that you seek professional help. Euthanasia is the other option and is sometimes chosen because of the issues with long quarantines. Remember: bats carry rabies. within 12 months but no less than 14 days after initial vaccination): If the dog has been vaccinated in the past but is overdue for a booster: If the dog has never been vaccinated against rabies or rabies vaccination history is unknown: Incidentally, the same rules apply to cats in Ontario. The authors are not responsible for disease or harm resulting from the use of the information in this fact sheet. Do not scrub as this may bruise the tissue. Dr. Maria Correa-Prisant Steve Troxler, Commissioner of Agriculture, Animal If your pet is bitten or scratched by another animal (domestic or wild), call animal control or the county health department immediately. He starts having serious headaches and decides not to go to the hospital because he is probably overreacting. Rabid dogs and cats usually show a change in behavior, with excitability or paralysis, followed by death. If this is done, there is no confinement period, although an informal observation period (45 days) is recommended out of an abundance of caution. How can I protect my animals and myself? If you hunt, use gloves while skinning animals in particular while handling nervous tissue or organs (spine and brain for example). During this time, they have to stay on the owner’s property (except for medical care), have contact only with one caregiver, have no contact with other animals, can only go outside on a leash and in a fenced area and must be cordoned off when inside with a double barrier (e.g. It’s very likely that a dog will be fearful of whatever caused a bite, so he may be hesitant to interact with other dogs following a dog attack. Dr. Larry Glickman, who spearheaded the Purdue studies, says… “Our ongoing studies of dogs show that following routine vaccination, there is a significant rise in the level of antibodies dogs produce against their own tissues. You have to understand that coons may carry and transmit over diseases including roundworms and salmonella. NCDA&CS Veterinary Division, Dr. R. Douglas Meckes - State Veterinarian What should I do if my pet gets bitten by a rabid animal? To avoid mistaking the signs of rabies for possible side effects of vaccination, … Raccoons are one of the major vectors for rabies in North America. According to … If you are not sure, check with your veterinarian. But, if for any reason you are unsure if your dog has had its vaccinations, consult your vet for advice. Respectable breeders will be able to give you this information, and good rehoming charities like Blue Cross will give a puppy a full vet check and provide up-to-date vaccines before they start their life as your pet. Although the risk from a bite from another mammal is never zero, if the risk is deemed to be very low then no specific action is taken other than to ensure the dog’s vaccination status is up-to-date. Yet, it’s actually pretty straightforward if you think about why quarantine/observation is being performed and some basics about the virus and the disease itself. Parts of this fact sheet were adapted from material provided by the State of New York Department of Health. The Centre for Public Health and Zoonoses offers information relating to zoonotic diseases (diseases transmitted from animals to people), including aspects of human and pet health, infection prevention and control, and vaccination. Dog Bit By Raccoon But He Is Vaccinated. The disease is almost always fatal to both people and animals. Keogh said he is still trying to track down medical records for the dog. This will help re-affirm the dog’s immunity to rabies and further reduce the chances of it developing. If your dog has already been vaccinated then treatment usually entails just a booster vaccine. The goal is to determine if there is a reasonable risk that the dog will develop rabies, and to keep it contained during the period when rabies is most likely to develop so it can’t infect someone else. I would assume that he is adequately vaccinated though definitely double check. It is a viral infection that can affect the nervous system of any mammal, including humans. March 1997, version 1 This material was developed as information only to best of the authors' knowledge. In fact, dogs bite about 4.7 million Americans every year, half of them children between ages 5 and 9. Nevertheless, problems may occur. Mailing Address: 1030 Mail Service Center, Raleigh, NC 27699-1030 Rabies virus can be excreted in the saliva of infected dogs, cats, and ferrets during illness and/or for a few days before illness or death. Warning: There is Rabies Within City Limits in Some Areas in North Carolina. However, in Mexico and other Latin and Central American countries, dogs are the common carrier of rabies. Most dogs are vaccinated as pups against distemper and regular booster shots may be given. If it is killed/euthanized and tested, and shown not to have rabies virus in its brain, the bitten dog is in the clear (same applies if a person is bitten by a wild animal). Phone: (919) 707-3250 Fax: (919) 733-2277, Jobs | Mission Statement | Accessibility Statement | Disclaimer | Privacy Statement If your pet has a current rabies vaccination, a booster must be done within 5 days of the incident (in the US). Maximum duration of immunity found has been 25 years post immunization. Vaccination is highly effective but not 100% protective. Even indoor animals can have contact with potential rabies vectors such as bats. Emergency physician Dr. NC State University, College of Veterinary Medicine. It is located at the University of Guelph, in Ontario, Canada. Consult your veterinarian about vaccination or farm animals. So, it is still a good idea to get your dog checked by a licensed vet. Scott Weese and Maureen Anderson of the Ontario Veterinary College’s Centre for Public Health and Zoonoses. What if I don’t know if my dog has been vaccinated? There tends to be confusion about what happens when an animal bites or is bitten, and rabies is being considered. The veterinarian’s husband and son were both bitten when trying to get the raccoon out of their house. The owner of the raccoon dogs did not want to comment after they were recaptured. Bob gets bit by a rabid dog on Monday. Lyme Disease in Dogs: Get more information about prevention, symptoms, testing you can have done, and treatment if your dog is infected. If a bite does occur, wash the bite wound immediately with soap and water (and iodine if available and you are not allergic); promptly seek medical attention and guidance from a physician; and take rabies PEP if prescribed by a physician. Bob is dead by Sunday. Remember, rabies is a fatal disease. From there the virus can be transmitted through a bite or by contact with mucous membranes (nose, mouth, and eyes). If your dog has not been vaccinated against distemper, and comes in contact with a raccoon with distemper. Keep your pets indoors and maintain the vaccinations current. It’s important to be sure your dog isn’t antogonizing the raccoon as well. Most of the confusion revolves around how long an animal is quarantined or observed. The physician may also prescribe antibiotics and a tetanus vaccination depending on the nature of the bite and the circumstances of the bitten person. A dog can become infected with the disease from coming into contact with raccoon feces, from ingestion of B. procyonis eggs, which may remain viable in the soil long after the raccoon feces has disintegrated or been removed, from ingestion of animal tissue that is infected with the roundworm (e.g., rabbits, birds, etc. The canid family is well-known because it includes the likes of dogs and wolves. Since you can’t guarantee a vaccinated dog doesn’t have rabies, even vaccinated dogs may be placed under a 10-day observation period. If the risk assessment is that there is a significant risk of rabies transmission, unlike scenario 1, the dog’s vaccination status then plays a role in determining the subsequent response. Cat and dog bites differ in damage caused, but they pose similar risks. Because of the serious risk to the public of a rabid animal on the loose, it is important to document the conditions surrounding the attack. to keep your dog or cat up-to-date on rabies vaccinations. Failure to do so can result in a fine (which usually costs more than the vaccination! Do not attempt to capture the attacking animal yourself. Canine influenza, California/Oregon (2019), Canine rabies imported from Egypt to the US, 2019, COVID-19 in Animals Review Part 10: Non-Human Primates, Center for Food Security and Public Health, Disease Prevention at Canine Group Settings, University of Guelph Centre for Public Health and Zoonoses, University of Guelph Centre for Public Health & Zoonoses, To see if it develops signs of rabies. If you are visiting a new vet, you will need to show proof that your dog has already been vaccinated. In these cases, call your veterinarian, or take your dog back to the veterinarian for treatment. As a result of widespread vaccination of dogs against rabies in the United States, the most common source of the rabies virus is now wild animals, specifically raccoons, skunks and bats.7 Nonetheless, there are still reported cases of rabies virus associated with a dog bite.13 Patients with a … Rabies is a viral disease that affects the nervous system of mammals. In the last stages of the disease, the virus moves from the brain into the salivary glands and saliva. If the attacking animal is captured, the brain will be tested for rabies. Raccoons are wild animals and can be very vicious if the need arises. The site was initially set up with the help of funding from City…. Both parties could be seriously injured including anyone trying to intercede. Although humans can be vaccinated for rabies, this is mostly done for people in high risk groups, such as veterinarians and animal controllers. Other mammals also get rabies. Rabies post-exposure prophylaxis… What is it? Avoid picking up dead or abandoned animals, and do not capture or eat animals that do not look or act normal. Post-exposure prophylaxis should be started soon after the exposure. In North America, raccoons, bats, skunks, foxes, and coyotes, are the animals most commonly diagnosed with rabies. Puppies who have not yet been vaccinated are at particularly high risk. What is rabies?